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All the faculties of intelligence are developed through exploration of the various materials of varying dimension, color, shape, texture, smell, and taste. These are activities for the development and refinement of the senses. The materials isolate one single physical quality from the environment. By focusing on the use of one sense at a time, the child enables to exercise and refine each sense to the utmost. This refinement is essential for the development of the mathematical mind (i.e. the ability to discriminate differences, similarities and identities), and for enhancing the memory, the imagination and consequently the appreciation and interpretation of the fine arts.